Our Grade Ruan Curriculum is designed with the intent to maximise potential of all of our pupils and to develop the essential skills of:-

• Excellent phonic knowledge and skills.

• Fluency and accuracy in reading across a wide range of contexts throughout the curriculum.

• Knowledge of an extensive and rich vocabulary.

• An excellent comprehension of texts.

• The motivation to read for both study and for pleasure.

• Extensive knowledge through having read a rich and varied range of texts.

• The motivation to read for both study and for pleasure.

• Extensive knowledge through having read a rich and varied range of texts.


Approach to the Teaching and Learning of Reading

Reading Books

We encourage an interest in books through listening to a variety of literature, re-telling stories, acting them out, looking at non-fiction books for information etc. 

When staff at school judge that your child is ready, they will also bring home a reading book.  Early reading books are usually made up of decodable words, using sounds that the children have learnt in their phonics lessons. You can help by encouraging them to sound out new words eg m-u-d mud, using the sounds of the letters rather than their names. 

Children will also have a school reading record card and it is always helpful to receive your comments about how your child got on, whether they enjoyed the book etc.  We recommend a quiet time and place to do this, where possible, with just an adult and the child, so that they see it as a special time for them, avoiding distractions.  Each child develops at a different rate, and some children will be ready for a reading book before others, so please do not be concerned if you notice others reading before your child.  The important thing is that every child is interested in and enjoys books of any kind.

Reading Bags

All children are provided with a blue Grade-Ruan School Reading bag.  We ask that these are brought to school every day.  Please don’t put food or drink into these bags in case of spillage.  Once your child has read their book, please help them to put these books straight back into their reading bag to keep them safe so that they are ready to return to school.  In the past, we have had lots of school books mislaid by children adding them to their own collections at home or “hiding” them in their bedroom!


We follow a phonics programme called “Letters and Sounds”.  The children learn the sounds of letters, rather than their names, to begin with and we use the Jolly Phonics scheme to help them learn them.

The first set of letters are s, a, t, and p.  When the children are familiar with these, they are able to blend them to make simple words such as sat, tap etc.

Words which are not regular are known in class as “tricky words” or “words with tricky parts” and these need to be learnt off by heart, through the “look and say” method.  Your child may have some flashcards to practise at home and it is always fun to make up simple games such as “Hunt the word” or “Pairs” to help them to learn these words.



These are the essential skills that we aim to develop in writing whilst at Grade Ruan School

• The ability to write fluently and with interesting detail on a number of topics throughout the curriculum.
• A vivid imagination which makes readers engage with and enjoy their writing.
• A highly developed vocabulary and an excellent knowledge of writing techniques to extend details or description.
• Well-organised and structured writing, which includes a variety of sentence structures.
• Excellent transcription skills that ensure their writing is well presented and punctuated, spelled correctly and neat.
• A love of writing and an appreciation of its educational, cultural and entertainment values.
Speaking and Listenting
These are the essential skills we aim to develop in Speaking and Listening at Grade Ruan School.

• An exceptional talent for listening attentively so as to understand what is being said. 

• A rich and varied vocabulary that gives clarity and interest to conversations.

• Clear speech that can be easily understood by a range of audiences.

• An excellent grasp of the rules used in English conversation, such as tenses and the grammatical structure of sentences.

• A highly developed ability to tell stories that capture the interest and imagination of the audience.

• A delight in initiating and joining in conversations.

• Respect for others when communicating, even when views different.